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Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx. Lynx Kerr , Lynx lynx Linnaeus , Wikispecies has information related to Lynx. Atilax Marsh mongoose A.
Crocuta Spotted hyena C. Large family listed below. It is threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation , poaching and depletion of prey.
The European lynx population is estimated at comprising maximum 10, individuals and is considered stable. In , Carl Linnaeus described the lynx in his work Systema Naturae and gave it the scientific name Felis lynx.
The following subspecies were described but are not considered valid: The tail measures 11 to It also possesses a short "bobbed" tail with an all-black tip, black tufts of hair on its ears, and a long grey-and-white ruff.
During the summer, the Eurasian lynx has a relatively short, reddish or brown coat, which tends to be more brightly coloured in animals living at the southern end of its range.
In winter, however, this is replaced by a much thicker coat of silky fur that varies from silver-grey to greyish brown. The underparts of the animal, including the neck and chin, are white at all times of the year.
The fur is almost always marked with black spots, although the number and pattern of these are highly variable. Some animals also possess dark brown stripes on the forehead and back.
Although spots tend to be more numerous in animals from southern populations, Eurasian lynx with heavily spotted fur may exist close to others with plain fur.
Eurasian lynx make a range of vocalizations, but are generally silent outside of the breeding season. They have been observed to mew, hiss, growl, and purr, and, like domestic cats , will "chatter" at prey that is just out of reach.
Mating calls are much louder, consisting of deep growls in the male, and loud "meow"-like sounds in the female. Eurasian lynx are secretive, and because the sounds they make are very quiet and seldom heard, their presence in an area may go unnoticed for years.
Remnants of prey or tracks on snow are usually observed long before the animal is seen. Lynx prey largely on small to fairly large sized mammals and birds.
Among the recorded prey items for the species are hares , rabbits , marmots , squirrels , dormice , other rodents , mustelids such as martens , grouse , red foxes , wild boar , chamois , young moose , roe deer , red deer , reindeer and other ungulates.
Although taking on larger prey presents a risk to the animal, the bounty provided by killing them can outweigh the risks. The Eurasian lynx thus prefers fairly large ungulate prey, especially during winter when small prey is less abundant.
They are the only Lynx species in which ungulates provide a great portion of their diet in relation to lagomorphs or rodents. Where common, roe deer appear to be the preferred prey species for the lynx.
Adult lynx require 1. The main method of hunting is stalking, sneaking and jumping on prey, although they are also ambush predators when conditions are suitable.
In winter certain snow conditions make this harder and the animal may be forced to switch to larger prey. Eurasian lynx hunt using both vision and hearing, and often climb onto high rocks or fallen trees to scan the surrounding area.
The Eurasian lynx inhabits rugged forested country providing plenty of hideouts and stalking opportunities. Depending on the locality, this may include forest-steppe, boreal forest , and montane forest.
In the more mountainous parts of their range, Eurasian lynx will descend into the lowlands in winter, following their prey, and avoiding the deepest snows.
They tend to be less common where wolves are abundant, and wolves have been reported to attack and even eat lynx. Lynx populations decrease when wolves appear in a region and are likely to take smaller prey where wolves are active.
Lynxes tend to actively avoid encounters with wolverines, but may sometimes fight them if defending kittens. Instances of predation on lynx by wolverines may occur, even perhaps on adults, but unlike wolf attacks on lynx are extremely rare if they do in fact occur.
Although they may hunt during the day when food is scarce, the Eurasian lynx is mainly nocturnal or crepuscular , and spends the day sleeping in dense thickets or other places of concealment.
It lives solitarily as an adult. Males tend to hunt over much larger areas than females, which tend to occupy exclusive, rather than overlapping, hunting ranges.
They patrol regularly throughout all parts of their hunting range, using scent marks to indicate their presence to other individuals. As with other cats, the scent marks may consist of faeces , urine , or scrape marks, with the former often being left in prominent locations along the boundary of the hunting territory.
The mating season for Eurasian lynx lasts from January to April. The female typically comes into oestrus only once during this period, lasting from four to seven days, but if the first litter is lost, a second period of oestrus is common.
Unlike the closely related Canada lynx , the Eurasian species does not appear to be able to control its reproductive behaviour based on prey availability.
This may be because, feeding on a larger range of prey than the Canada lynx, rarity of suitable prey is a less common occurrence.
Pregnant females construct dens in secluded locations, often protected by overhanging branches or tree roots. The den may be lined with feathers, deer hair, and dry grass to provide bedding for the young.
Gestation lasts from 67 to 74 days, and results in the birth of from one to four kittens. At birth, Eurasian lynx kittens weigh to grams 8.
They initially have plain, greyish-brown fur, attaining the full adult colouration around eleven weeks of age.
The eyes open after ten to twelve days. The kittens begin to take solid food at six to seven weeks, when they begin to leave the den, but are not fully weaned for five or six months.
The den is abandoned two to three months after the kittens are born, but the young typically remain with their mother until they are around ten months of age the start of the next breeding season.
Eurasian lynx reach sexual maturity at two or three years, and have lived for twenty one years in captivity.
As of [update] , the Russian lynx population is estimated as comprising 22, individuals and is considered abundant and stable in some regions.
Although the Eurasian lynx is not found in Japan , fossils of the Eurasian or a closely related Lynx species from the late Pleistocene era and onward have been excavated at various locations in the Japanese archipelago.
The Eurasian lynx was once quite common in all of Europe. By the middle of the 19th century, it had become extirpated in most countries of Central and Western Europe.
There have been successful attempts to reintroduce this lynx to forests. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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